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Here are the basics of how to make latte art! These tips for beginners will get you started in the comfort of your own home.

Latte art

Want to learn how to make latte art…in the comfort of your own home? We’re here to help! We’re A Couple Cooks, two coffee obsessed home baristas (and mixologists). After years of practice, we’re ready to unveil our tips on how to make latte art at home! If you’re a professional barista, this is not the post for you. But if you’re a beginner with an espresso machine ready to learn the basics…let’s get started!

How to make latte art: video tutorial!

Latte art is a way to prepare a latte where the microfoam forms a design on the surface. It’s a complex process to master because of the specific quality of steamed milk that’s required. Professional baristas can make extremely intricate designs (there are even latte art competitions).

This tutorial is intended for beginners who have an espresso machine with steamer and want to try basic designs at home! The best way to learn this skill is by watching it. Watch this video tutorial first, then we’ll break down all the basics below.

Required: espresso machine with steaming wand

To make latte art, you must have an espresso machine with steaming wand. It’s the only way to make a consistent texture for the microfoam that can form the designs.

  • An espresso machine makes the perfect microfoam texture for latte art. Microfoam has the magic “wet paint” texture that lets you draw the designs in the espresso. This texture can’t be achieved with a milk frother, though it makes a tasty latte!
  • Invest in a quality espresso machine. Here’s the espresso machine we use: it’s middle of the road price-wise and works great. We started with a lower price range machine, but it didn’t get quite the quality of steamed milk that this one does. So it’s worth investing a little more for quality, in our opinion.

What’s so special about microfoam?

Microfoam is what’s behind great latte art, and it’s a difficult thing to achieve. You’re looking for a “wet-paint” like texture. Also called velvet milk, it’s shiny and has very tiny, uniform bubbles. It’s silky smooth and has a sweet, almost nutty flavor that makes just the right espresso drink.

If you can’t achieve just the right texture and the right amount of bubbles, it’s impossible to make latte art. It can take months to figure out just the right touch using your espresso machine and equipment. Don’t give up! Practice makes perfect here.

How to steam milk

What you need to make latte art

There are several specific things you need to make latte art, outside of the espresso machine of course! Here’s what to make sure you have on hand:

  1. Espresso machine with steaming wand: We use this Breville espresso machine; it’s helpful to have a mid to high quality machine to get just the right steamed milk microfoam.
  2. Metal pitcher with temperature sticker: Use a metal pitcher and chill it beforehand, which helps because the colder the milk, the longer time you have to steam it and bring it up to temperature. Even better, grab a metal pitcher with a temperature sticker, which easily lets you see when it’s at the perfect temperature! You can also use a handheld thermometer, or judge by hand (see the recipe below).
  3. 6-ounce mug: It’s easiest to make latte art when you have a mug that’s the final size of the drink, which helps you add just the right amount of milk. We use these 6 ounce mugs and they work great.
Espresso machine

Best milk for steaming

To make perfect latte art, you have to start with the right raw material! The absolute best latte art is made with whole milk. You can try oat milk for dairy free, but it’s just not the same. Here are a few tips for latte milk:

  • Use whole milk. Whole milk makes the best microfoam because it has the highest milk fat.
  • Make sure the milk is as fresh as possible! Milk that’s getting closer to its expiration date does not foam up as well. (Trust us, we know from experience!)
  • You can try oat milk for dairy free, though the foam is not as high-quality. Oat milk does froth up better than any non-dairy milk. However, it doesn’t make the same quality latte art as a full-fat whole milk, so keep that in mind.
How to make latte art
It’s not barista quality, but it’s decent homemade latte art!

Important tips for how to do latte art at home

Ready to get started? Before you scroll down to the recipe below, here’s what to know about how to make latte art at home:

  • Grab your espresso machine, fresh whole milk, chilled metal pitcher, and 6 ounce mugs. Store your metal pitcher in the refrigerator. The colder the milk, the longer time you have to steam it to the perfect microfoam.
  • Read How to Steam Milk to learn how to achieve microfoam. Latte art is all about achieving the right microfoam, so that’s 95% of the process.
  • Watch the video above to create a tulip shape. Watch it as many times as possible before you go to the recipe below.
  • Practice, practice, practice. You have to be very confident in your movements to make great latte art. Slow movements result in poor quality latte art (though of course it’s still drinkable!). Keep practicing until you’re able to make each design with better control.
How to steam milk

Latte art designs

The recipe below shows you how to make a tulip shape of latte art. But there are lots of easy designs for beginners! Here are some ideas:

  • Tulip: Tilt the mug 45 degrees towards yourself. Pour the milk into the center of the mug while jiggling the jug left to right to make the heart design (for the leaves), then lift and make another smaller heart design on top (the tulip flower). When the mug is almost full, lift the jug and draw a line through the center to make the stem. See the video in the recipe below.
  • Rosetta: See these instructions.
  • Heart: See this video.

Ready to get started?

Scroll down to the recipe and let’s get going!

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Latte Art (The Basics!)

  • Author: Sonja Overhiser
  • Prep Time: 10 minutes
  • Cook Time: 0 minutes
  • Total Time: 10 minutes
  • Yield: 1 drink 1x


Here are the basics of how to make latte art! These tips for beginners will get you started practicing in the comfort of your own home.


  • 2 espresso shots (2 ounces)
  • 4 ounces steamed milk


  1. Prep for the latte art: Grind and tamp the espresso, but don’t pull it. Store your milk jug in the refrigerator: the colder the milk is the more time you have to get the right texture.  Or, rinse it in very cold water, dry and refrigerate for a few minutes. Fill your milk jug to just below the spout, about ¾ cup, using very fresh whole milk (or oat milk for vegan). 
  2. Make the espresso: Use an espresso machine to make two shots of espresso and pour it into a mug.
  3. Steam the milk: Heat the steam wand. Once prepared, place the wand just below the surface of the milk about ½ inch from the side, tilting the jug slightly. Keep it in that position for about 5 to 10 seconds, stretching the milk by about 30% in height, with very slight movements up and down. Once stretched and slightly foamy, lower the nozzle about another ½ inch and tilt the pitcher just enough to get a spinning vortex, which incorporates the foam, turning it into a velvety microfoam. Keep that still and spinning until the temperature is about 150 degrees Fahrenheit. (Using a pitcher with a temperature sticker is very helpful.) Turn off the steam before removing the wand from the jug. Wipe the wand with a clean cloth. Turn it on for 1 second to purge the nozzle.  Tap and swirl the pitcher to incorporate any bubbles on top. The final texture should look like wet paint or melted ice cream, smooth and velvety. You’ll use only about half of this quantity and can discard the rest (see the * note below). 
  4. Make the latte art (watch the video first!): Tap the milk container on counter and swirl it to break down any large bubbles. Hold the jug a few inches above the coffee and pour in enough milk to fill the mug about halfway, swirling to incorporate the milk. Then lower the jug all the way to the surface. Tilt the mug 45 degrees towards yourself. Pour the milk into the center of the mug while jiggling the jug left to right to make the heart design (for the leaves), then lift and make another smaller heart design on top (the tulip flower). When the mug is almost full, lift the jug and draw a line through the center to make the stem. Make sure to watch the entire video several times to see how to form the tulip shape. This takes practice to perfect (it took us months!). Good luck and let us know any questions in the comments below.


*This makes enough for 2 drinks, because it’s easiest to steam a larger quantity of milk. Discard the extra milk. If you have an espresso machine with two espresso taps, you could use this to make another flat white. (The milk becomes less frothy while it sits, so it’s not ideal for waiting to make another espresso.)

Keywords: Latte art, how to make latte art, how to do latte art

About the authors

Sonja & Alex

Hi, we’re Alex and Sonja Overhiser, married cookbook authors, food bloggers, and recipe developers. We founded A Couple Cooks to share fresh, seasonal recipes for memorable kitchen moments! Our recipes are made by two real people and work every time.

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  1. I have made thousands of lattes with every type of milk, stonyfield organic whole milk is the best for latte art I’ve used. Regular whole milk is ok, but something about the organic stuff is just so much better for latte art.