Crumpet vs English muffin: what’s the difference between these two small round breads? Here’s what you need to know (plus recipes).

Crumpet vs English muffin

Crumpet vs English muffins: what’s the difference? These two small round breads are about the same size and use similar ingredients: but they’ve got some major differences. Are they both cut in half? Are they both English? Here’s what you need to know about these popular breads: and a few recipes if you’d like to try your hand at making them at home!

What are crumpets?

A crumpet is a traditional English round bread made with flour, milk, and yeast and cooked on a griddle. The surface of a crumpet has delicate round holes, bubbles from the yeast that rise to the surface during cooking. They’re often served topped with butter, jam, clotted cream, or honey as a traditional tea time snack. They’re popular in the UK and other former British territories like Canada and Australia.

What are English muffins?

An English muffin is a small, savory round bread that’s served cut in half and toasted. Despite the name, it was actually invented in America! A British immigrant named Samuel Bath Thomas invented the English muffin in 1894 in his New York bakery. He first called it the “toaster crumpet,” so it’s a variation on the popular bread he was used to in the UK. It caught on as a more elegant version of toast, and is a popular American breakfast item to this day.

English muffin
English muffins are thicker than crumpets and are sliced in half for serving

Crumpet vs English muffin: what’s the difference?

Here’s a breakdown in the similarities and differences between these two round breads:

  • Size and shape: A crumpet and English muffin are both round breads cooked on a griddle that are about 3 inches in diameter. A crumpet is thinner than an English muffin and has delicate round holes on the top. An English muffin is thicker and the top is solid; it’s served cut in half.
  • Origin: A crumpet is a traditional English bread eaten as a breakfast or tea time snack. It’s popular in the UK and former British territories like Canada and Australia. An English muffin was invented in America by a British immigrant (so Americans saw it as an English-style muffin). It’s a popular American breakfast item.
  • Way it’s served: Both crumpets and English muffins are toasted before serving. A crumpet is served with butter, jam, clotted cream, or preserves spread on top of the crumpet. An English muffin is always sliced in half, then topped with butter, peanut butter, or other toppings. The English muffin is also popularly used as the bread for an American breakfast sandwich.
Crumpets vs English muffins
Crumpets are thinner than English muffins; the yeast makes delicate bubbles on the surface

Recipes for crumpets and English muffins

You can make both crumpets and English muffins at home: and they’re extremely tasty homemade! Of course, you can also find them easily at major grocery stores (in America, look for crumpets in the frozen or refrigerated section). Both breads are a fun project and take about 2 hours to complete. Go to:

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Crumpets vs English muffin

Crumpets vs English Muffins!



For the crumpets

  • 125 grams (1 cup) bread flour
  • 125 grams (1 cup) all purpose flour
  • 1 cup cup lukewarm water, divided
  • 1 cup lukewarm milk (or oat milk for vegan**)
  • 1 teaspoon granulated sugar
  • 2 teaspoons instant yeast
  • ½ teaspoon baking soda
  • 1 teaspoon kosher salt
  • Equipment: Non-stick English muffin rings / crumpet rings*

For the English muffins: 

  • ¾ cup warm milk
  • 2 teaspoons yeast
  • 1 tablespoon granulated sugar
  • 1 ½ teaspoons kosher salt
  • 1 tablespoon melted butter
  • 1 large egg
  • 2 cups (280 grams) all purpose flour
  • ¼ cup whole wheat flour (35 grams)
  • Cornmeal, for rising
  • Equipment: 3-inch biscuit cutter


  1. For instructions on how to make crumpets, go to How to Make Crumpets.
  2. For instructions on how to make English muffins, go to How to Make English Muffins.

Keywords: Crumpet vs English muffin, crumpets vs English muffins

About the authors

Sonja & Alex

Meet Sonja and Alex Overhiser: Husband and wife. Expert home cooks. Authors of recipes you'll want to make again and again.

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