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Here’s what to know about endive! This leafy vegetable is crunch with a bitter finish, ideal for salads and crudite platters.

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Looking for a salad with sophistication? Try endive! Endive is a leafy vegetable with a small cylindrical head, related to other bitter greens like radicchio and escarole. Take one bite and it’s got a crisp, hydrating burst with a bitter finish. Endive is often used in salads, but its cup shaped leaves make it ideal for scooping up creamy dips, too. Here’s a bit more about this leafy green and our top ways to use it in recipes!

Types of endive

Belgian endive has an interesting backstory: it was “discovered” in 1830 by a Belgian farmer. Jan Lammers left some chicory roots in his cellar for a few months, and found that they sprouted tender, crunchy leaves. This “new” vegetable is simply another form of chicory, but it went on to become very popular in Europe.

There are a few varieties of endive you can find at the store when shopping. Here’s what to know:

  • White endive (Belgian endive): This variety has a cylindrical head with creamy white leaves that taste crunchy and subtly bitter.
  • Red endive: This variety is a cross between radicchio and white endive, and tastes milder and less bitter than white endive.
  • Curly endive (frisee or endive lettuce): Frisée is a type of endive, but it looks completely different! It’s green with frilly, ruffled leaves and an even milder flavor.
  • Broad leaf endive (escarole): Escarole has broader, curly green leaves and the mildest flavor of the varieties.

Buying and storing endive

What to look for when you’re buying endive at the store? Here’s what to know:

  • Look for a firm head with compact, creamy white leaves. Only the two outer leaves should be visible. Avoid soft heads with green leaves or browned ends.
  • Store Belgian endive refrigerated for 5 to 7 days, in a loosely closed plastic bag or wrapped in a damp cloth.
  • Store frisee and escarole refrigerated for 5 days, unwashed and wrapped in paper towel in a plastic bag. Wash before serving.

Should endive be washed?

Endive does not need to be washed before serving. Simply wipe down the outer leaves with a cloth (or remove and discard them). Why? The leaves haven’t been exposed to soil, and they’re packed in sanitary conditions (source). That makes this leafy green one of the easiest to work with.

Endive recipes

Endive is most often eaten raw, but it can also be cooked! It’s great in salads, and the cup-like leaves are great for dipping into creamy dips. Or, stuff the leaves with goat cheese as a simple appetizer. It can also be braised and topped with herbs or a bechamel sauce. Here are a few recipe ideas:

More quick guides? Try Quick Guide to Butter LettuceQuick Guide to Romaine and Quick Guide to Frisee.

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Endive salad

Endive Salad

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5 from 1 review

  • Author: Sonja Overhiser
  • Prep Time: 20 minutes
  • Cook Time: 0 minutes
  • Total Time: 20 minutes
  • Yield: 4 1x


This endive salad recipe is a mix of refreshing, tangy and sweet! Combine this bitter green with orange, Parmesan and red wine vinaigrette.


  • 3 heads Belgian endive
  • ½ cup thinly sliced radicchio
  • 2 oranges, plus zest
  • 2 tablespoons sliced almonds
  • Pecorino or Parmesan cheese, shaved
  • ¼ cup Red Wine Vinaigrette


  1. Cut off the bottom 1/2-inch of the endives. Cut the leaves in half lengthwise, leaving most of the smaller leaves whole. Rinse the leaves and blot them dry with a towel or place in a salad spinner to dry.
  2. Zest one orange. Then cut both of the oranges into segments (or simply remove the pieces).
  3. Make the Red Wine Vinaigrette.
  4. Place the endive leaves on a large plate or platter, or on individual plates. Top with the sliced radicchio, orange zest and slices, sliced almonds and shavings of Pecorino or Parmesan cheese. Top with the red wine vinaigrette (taste and add more if necessary).
  • Category: Salad
  • Method: No Cook
  • Cuisine: Salad
  • Diet: Vegetarian

About the authors

Sonja & Alex

Hi, we’re Alex and Sonja Overhiser, married cookbook authors, food bloggers, and recipe developers. We founded A Couple Cooks to share fresh, seasonal recipes for memorable kitchen moments! Our recipes are made by two real people and work every time.

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1 Comment

  1. Sonja Overhiser says:

    Let us know if you have any questions!